ORBITAL TUMOUR SURGERY
Orbital tumors, also known as eye tumors or ocular tumors, are abnormal growths that occur in or around the eye socket (orbit). These tumors can originate from different structures in the eye, including the optic nerve, the muscles that control eye movements, the eyelid, and the tear glands. Orbital tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
There are several types of orbital tumors, each with its own unique characteristics and treatment approaches. Some of the common types of benign orbital tumors include dermoid cysts, hemangiomas, and meningiomas. Malignant orbital tumors are less common and often associated with aggressive cancers, such as lymphomas or sarcomas.
Orbital tumors can cause a variety of symptoms depending on their location, size, and invasiveness. These symptoms may include vision problems, eye pain or discomfort, bulging of the eye, double vision, and a noticeable mass or swelling around the eye. Some patients may also experience tearing, eyelid drooping, or difficulty moving the eye.
Diagnosis of orbital tumors involves a thorough eye examination, imaging tests (such as CT or MRI scans), and sometimes a biopsy to determine the nature of the tumor. Once diagnosed, the treatment options for orbital tumors depend on several factors, including the type and size of the tumor, its location, and whether it is benign or malignant.
For benign tumors that are causing symptoms or affecting vision, surgical removal is often the primary treatment. The surgical approach may involve removing the tumor completely or debulking it to alleviate symptoms. Malignant tumors, on the other hand, generally require a multidisciplinary approach involving surgery, radiation therapy, and sometimes chemotherapy to control the cancer.
The prognosis for orbital tumors varies depending on the type, stage, and location of the tumor, as well as the individual's overall health. Benign tumors generally have a good prognosis, with a high likelihood of complete recovery after surgical removal. Malignant tumors, especially those that have spread beyond the orbit, often have a poorer prognosis and require more aggressive treatment.
Regular follow-up with an ophthalmologist or an eye specialist is crucial after treatment to monitor for any recurrence or new growths. Orbital tumors can sometimes recur, particularly in cases of malignant tumors, necessitating ongoing surveillance and potential further treatment.
In conclusion, orbital tumors are abnormal growths that occur in or around the eye socket. They can be benign or malignant, causing a range of symptoms and requiring different treatment approaches. Prompt diagnosis, proper management, and regular monitoring are essential for optimal outcomes in patients with orbital tumors.
This is a case of a lacrimal gland orbital tumour operated on by Dr Profyris through a keyhole approach. The green arrows on the left hand images demonstrate the orbital tumour which has been removed, as can be seen by the images on the right. Recovery was uneventful.
This is a case of a giant meningioma intraorbital tumour operated on by Dr Profyris through a keyhole approach. The green arrows on the left hand images demonstrate the intraorbital tumour which has been removed, as can be seen by the images on the right. Recovery was uneventful.